Apple M1 Pro and M1 Max: Test Results from Reviews | Gadgets News

Recently, the sales of the MacBook Pro announced on October 18 started and, accordingly, the first reviews with the performance test results were released. New items got rid of the Touch Bar (which was first introduced in the new MacBook Pro five years ago) and got a “bangs” for the webcam at the top of the display (a fee for narrower bezels). Judging by the reviews, the quality of the camera has improved significantly (as well as the quality of the speakers). The display has also been updated – now it is an excellent, by all accounts, Liquid Retina XDR with an adaptive (up to 120 Hz) frame rate. Apple also heeded the criticism and added HDMI and an SDXC card slot to the Thunderbolt 3 ports. The body has become more angular, which is why it is visually perceived to be significantly thicker than that of its predecessors.

But the main feature of the 2021 MacBook Pro is the new processors developed directly by Apple. Let me remind you that the historical transition to them started a year ago. As Gadgets News reported, the first and youngest processor, the M1, impressed with its combination of moderate consumption and high performance – in terms of CPUs. In the case of the GPU, the results were more modest, although quite sufficient for day-to-day work. The new M-Series processors are designed to meet the needs of MacBook Pro users in professional video, graphics, and more. This is what the first generation M series notebook family looks like today:

MacBook Air (13″) MacBook Pro 13″ MacBook Pro 14″ MacBook Pro 16″
Sales start november 2020 november 2020 october 2021 october 2021
Price from ₽100 thousand from ₽130 thousand from ₽190 thousand from ₽235 thousand
CPU M1 (passive cooling) M1 M1 Pro / M1 Max M1 Pro / M1 Max
Ports 2 x Thunderbolt 3 (USB‑C) 2 x Thunderbolt 3 (USB‑C) 3 x Thunderbolt 4 (USB‑C), SDXC, HDMI, MagSafe 3 3 x Thunderbolt 4 (USB‑C), SDXC, HDMI, MagSafe 3

And here are the characteristics of the processors themselves (SoC):

M1 M1 Pro M1 Max Nvidia GeForce RTX 3080
(for laptops, 115 W)
Crystal area ~ 120 mm2 ~ 245 mm2 ~ 432 mm2 392 mm2
Number of transistors 16 billion 33.7 billion 57 billion 17.4 billion
CPU 4 + 4 cores 6/8 + 2 cores 8 + 2 cores
GPU 8 cores 16 cores 32 cores
Quantity in ALU 1024 2048 4096 6144
Quantity in TMU 64 (82 Gtex / s) 128 (166 Gtex / s) 256 (332 Gtex / s) 192 (297 Gtex / s, 89%)
Quantity in ROP 32 (41 Gpix / s) 64 (83 Gpix / s) 128 (166 Gpix / s) 96 (148 Gpix / s, 89%)
Number of tensor cores 192
# Of ray tracing cores 48
Peak frequency 1278 MHz 1296 MHz 1296 MHz 1545 MHz
Performance (FP32) 2.6 TFLOPS 5.3 TFLOPS 10.6 TFLOPS
88%
18.98 TFLOPS
(12.1 TFLOPS 1)
Memory (frequency and bit depth) LPDDR4X-4266
128-bit (68 Gb / s)
LPDDR5-6400
256-bit (200 Gb / s)
LPDDR5-6400
512-bit (400 Gb / s)
GDDR6
256-bit (448 Gb / s)

1 Available in games (64%)

In terms of GPU performance, the M-Series covers the entire spectrum of user needs, with the M1 Pro double the M1 and the M1 Max the M1 Pro. The designation system also looks extremely simple: the number indicates the generation, and the prefix “Pro” or “Max” – the level of performance. Accordingly, the next generation of Apple processors will be represented by the M2, M2 Pro and M2 Max.

Judging by the charts shown at the presentation and preliminary test results, the oldest Apple processor reached the performance of the top-end gaming Windows laptops, with an Intel Core i9-11980HK processor and a mobile version of the Nvidia GeForce RTX 3080 video card. … But first, let’s compare the new MacBook Pro 16 ″ and its immediate predecessor, which came out last summer.

The table below shows the results of tests made on the YouTube channel. Max Tech… On both laptops, the tests were carried out in standalone mode (with battery power, not a wall outlet). Please note that both laptops are equipped with 64GB of RAM. The author of the aforementioned YouTube channel made a separate comparison of the 16 ″ MacBook Pro with the M1 Pro between 16GB and 32GB. The difference turned out to be insignificant even with a large number of simultaneously running applications, overflowing RAM and using virtual memory on the SSD (the so-called swap). This was probably made possible by the double speed increase of the SSD (see the table below):

MacBook Pro 16″
(2021)
√ Apple
M1 Max
√ 64 GB
$ 3.5K
MacBook Pro 16″
(2020)
√ Intel Core i9-9980HK
√ Radeon Pro 5600M
√ 64 GB
$ 4.1K
Geekbench 5 1,751 / 12,314 1,081 (62%) / 6,969 (57%)
Speedometer 2.0 271 152 (56%)
Geekbench 5 Metal 69,478 42,884 (62%)
GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins High (off-screen) 309 fps
GPU – 40 W (56%)
129 fps (42%)
GPU – 72 W.
Blackmagic – 8K RAW Decode (CPU) 29 fps (60%) 48 fps
Blackmagic – 8K RAW Decode (GPU) 199 fps 25 fps (13%)
Blackmagic – Writing SSD 5895 Mb / s 2811 Mb / s (48%)
Blackmagic – Read SSD 5299 Mb / s 2700 Mb / s (51%)
Cinebench R23 12,129
CPU – 28 W (43%)
8,105 (67%)
CPU – 65 W.
Xcode – compiling your code 93 sec (47%) 197 sec
Logic Pro 155 98 (63%)
Blender – SplashBox (CPU) 20 sec (65%) 31 sec
Blender – PartyTug (ГПУ) 5.9 sec (18%) 33.5 sec
Affinity Photo 511/3279, 914, 32027, 940, 24862 331/1772, 574, 15737, 686, 5440
Adobe Photoshop – converting 9 42 mps raw files to HDR 3:48 minutes 2:24 min (63%)
Adobe Photoshop — Super Resolution 32 sec (84%) 38 sec
Lightroom Classic – conversion to HDR of 9 raw files of 42 mps 2:04 minutes (62%) 3:19 minutes
Lightroom Classic — Super Resolution 0:47 min (52%) 1:30 minutes
Lightroom Classic – export 50 files at 42 mps 1:21 minutes (44%) 3:05 minutes
Final Cut Pro (18-sec clip) 6 sec (19%) 31 sec
8K ProRes RAW -> ProRes 422 0:37 sec 3:55 minutes
Davinci Resolve 1-min clip HEVC – stabilization 28 sec (61%) 46 sec
Davinci Resolve 5-min HEVC Clip – Export 1:19 minutes (50%) 2:39 minutes
6K BlackMagic RAW -> ProRes 422 1:13 min (30%) 4:05 minutes

The results are certainly impressive – with the exception of converting 9 raw files to HDR at 42 mps in Adobe Photoshop, in all other tests the Apple M1 Max clearly outperforms the Intel Core i9-9980HK & AMD Radeon Pro 5600M in performance – and at the same time consumes twice less power (see GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins and Cinebench R23). By the time of the test Lightroom Classic – export 50 files at 42 mps Last year’s MacBook Pro ran out to 3%, the new one – up to 49%.

Now let’s compare all the representatives of the M-series and the top-end configuration that can be seen in gaming laptops. The table below shows the results of tests run by our colleagues from AnandTech and PCMag:

Apple M1 Max Apple M1 Pro Apple M1 Intel Core i9-11980HK
(10nm, 8 cores, 65W)
Nvidia RTX 3080 (for laptops)
SPEC CPU 2017 (multicore – integer / floating point) 53.38
81.07
38.82 (73%)
36.66 (45%)
Cinebench R23 (Battery / Plug Power) 12,375 (34 W / 40 W) 12,368 7,751 12,830 (13,735)
(83 W / 106 W)
GeekBench 5.4.1 Pro 12,759 12,491 7,771 9,745 (76%)
Adobe Photoshop 22 CC (photo editing) 876 (81%) 787 1083
HandBrake 1.4 (video processing) 5 minutes (83%) 5 minutes 8 minutes 6 minutes
Export 4K (5:33 min) H.264 video in Adobe Premiere Pro 1:46 minutes 2:50 minutes 2:51 minutes
PugetBench for Premiere Pro 1170 1072 1000
Blender (graphics rendering, CPU / GPU) 3:21 minutes
4:58 minutes
3:18 minutes
4:58 minutes
GBXBench Aztec Ruins High Tier off-screen (battery / wall power) 307 fps
(57 W / 70 W)
166 fps 78 fps 266 fps (87%)
(179 W / 200 W)
3DMark Wild Life Extreme Unlimited off-screen 120 fps 62 fps 30 fps
Idle Power Consumption (Battery / Wall Plug) 0.2 W (19%)
7.2 W (53%)
1.08 Watt
13.5W 1
Power Consumption @ Maximum Load (Battery / Wall Plug) 92 W (42%)
120W (47%)
220 watts
256 watts 1
Video playback (720p) 20:13 h 19:17 h 22:37 h 2:27 p.m. 2

1 MSI GE76 Raider

2 Lenovo Legion 7i (2021)

Here we see at least comparable, as promised by Apple, the performance of the CPU and GPU – but with less power consumption, thickness and weight in the MacBook Pro:

MacBook Pro 16″ MSI GE76 Raider Lenovo Legion 7i (2021)
Thickness 1.68 cm 2.74 cm 2.35 cm
The weight 2.17 kg 2.9 kg 2.5KG

Note the very low idle power consumption of the Apple M1 Max – 5 times less offline than the MSI GE76 Raider gaming laptop. And according to our colleagues from AnandTech, in comparison with the Intel Core i9-11980HK, the M1 Max’s 1 W performance is 2.5-3 times higher in single-threaded loads and 4-6 times higher in multi-threaded ones.

All these advances are simply amazing for a company that designs processors “as-as-is”, and released its first chip (Apple A4, which was equipped with iPhone 4) 11 years ago. Unlike Intel, which has processor development as its main business with a half-century history. A more advanced process technology (5 nm TSMC vs 14 nm Intel & 7 nm TSMC) played some role in the superiority of the Apple M1 Max and M1 Pro, but the main merit belongs to: 1) the successful microarchitecture of M-chips, 2) the integration on a single CPU substrate , GPU and RAM (with huge bandwidth), and 3) macOS optimizations for Apple’s own hardware.

Do you need to buy a MacBook Pro 16 ″ in this case if your heart is in macOS and Apple products? Yes – if you do video editing or 3D graphics, no – if you need a laptop for less demanding tasks, or for games. Almost the only macOS game with relatively demanding graphics and native support for M1 Max is Baldur’s Gate 3. At Ultra settings and 4K resolution, this processor, according to the author of the YouTube channel MrMacRight, produces 60 fps. According to the resource Notes Read this corresponds to a desktop PC with an Intel Core i7-9700K processor and an Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 video card. It is just slightly more productive than the mobile RTX 3080, so there is no reason to dispute the identity in the games of Apple M1 Max and mobile Nvidia RTX 3080. But there are very few popular games on macOS , and even fewer optimized for the M-series. Games that are not yet optimized can be run on newer laptops using the Rosetta 2 dynamic binary translator – but then the performance will be noticeably lower. All of this, of course, does not exclude the possibility that Apple’s new processors will draw the attention of game developers to macOS in the future.

We want to say thanks to the author of this short article for this awesome web content

Apple M1 Pro and M1 Max: Test Results from Reviews | Gadgets News

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