Companies, type of agriculture and doubts. Six questions about the PAN leader’s business

Confronted once again with the discrepancy between dates and documents, Sousa Real’s office sent a document to the “Polígrafo” website which allegedly proves that the PAN spokesperson sold her stake in the Berry Dream company in favor of her mother-in-law, Maria Lisete Brás Soares, the December 10, 2019.

This transaction, if confirmed, would give reason to the chronology presented by the PAN spokesperson. It remains to be explained, however, why this transaction is not properly advertised no Portal online.

It depends on the interpretation you make. At the same “Polygraph”, Sousa Real explained that he was impeded of directly passing on her share of the company to her husband—which is, according to current law, true.

The decision was, therefore, to transfer the participation to the mother-in-law and the latter to the son, husband of Sousa Real. The entire process was done online, on the same day and completed in three seconds.

Now, according to jurists consulted by the “Polygraph”, the operation can be considered null, since everything indicates that an expedient was used to circumvent the law.

Once the issue of ownership of companies has been overcome, one of the arguments used by the PAN leader has to do with organic certification.

“All production is certified both from a national and international point of view. We have to do testes recurrently to what production is, to the soil itself, to water, so that we can continue to have these certifications from the point of view of production”, he stated on Monday to the Observer.

However, according to the online directory of certified biological operators,, which also houses the database of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, it is only possible to find documentation relating to the company Berry Dream, Lda.. This company is, de facto, certified.

Certified by SATIVA — one of the control bodies recognized by the Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development — Berry Dream was last controlled in November 2020 and the certificate is valid for blueberry production between June 1st of this year and May 31st. next year. During this period, all blueberries that are sold by Berry Dream can display the “organic production“.

With regard to the Red Fields could not find any certification in the same database.

The Observer asked Inês Sousa Real to send this documentation, but the PAN spokesperson’s office preferred not to respond.

Certificate available in the BioC directory

Without documentation the attestation is difficult to answer with rigor to this question. At the site, as far as it was possible to notice, the farms do not seem to configure a typical case of intensive agriculture.

The fact that Berry Dream, Lda. biological attests in favor of the company, since this type of documentation requires compliance with several assumptions. In the case of RedFields, and given the absence of documentary evidence, it is impossible guarantee one thing or the other way around.

One of the most controversial points was the use of these “tunnels“, similar to greenhouses, but with an opening – which allows the “circulation of air, animals, soil and rainwater breathing”.

“We can say that animals such as moles, snakes and other reptiles, rabbits, different species of birds – some of which even nest inside them – and insects coexist harmoniously in both places. While a closed greenhouse is not compatible with the increase in biodiversity”, defended Sousa Real.

However, the use of tunnels does not, in itself, mean the practice of sustainable agriculture — although it may, in fact, serve as a extenuating. To the Observer, Joaquim Mamede Alonso Professor and researcher at the Escola Superior Agrária of the Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, explains that the concept of “greenhouse” is generic but that “nothing says whether it is more or less intensive”.

“More important than construction is to analyze the system and production technologies that are inside it. The most intensive systems, if used intelligently, can be highly efficient and cause a low level of environmental impact. Often it is not about construction, but about production technologies”, notes the specialist.

Pedro Horta, from Associação Zero, points out a way to understand whether companies respect the party’s principles or not. If there is biological certification, it means that the company complies with all the necessary regulations. In other words, the Berry Dream company at the outset will respect what the People-Animals-Nature stands for.

Another of the disputed aspects was the use of plastic to package agricultural products. In fact, a small consultation of the companies’ social networks is enough to confirm that there are products packaged in plastic.

In the “Polygraph”, Sousa Real contextualizes: the use of that material only happens with raspberries, since “as a general rule, it is the purchaser himself who imposes the packaging rules, requiring certain packaging, often even supplying it directly, not the producer having any participation in this choice”.

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Companies, type of agriculture and doubts. Six questions about the PAN leader’s business